6. Soils:

Soils in the Alpine regions depend on the underground (crystalline or limestone).
In the lower limestone regions brown and brown-loam soils prevail with mixed forests of beech, fir and spruce. The higher regions however are unproductive as far as farming is concerned.
On acidic soils of the eastern Central Alps spruce forests are widely present. In the Inner Alps gravely, weathered and thin-layered water-permeable skeletal soils are good for pine. In the Tyrol, the timberline is higher, and the topmost trees have all been taken down long ago for purposes of summer pasturing.
On silicate bedrock in the foothills of the Alps (Flysch-zone) mountain beech and oak forests prevail. Beech and fir grow on oligotrophic, lightly podsolic brown soils.
The entire Eastern Alpine region, including the foreland, received a substantial peri-glacial detritus cover, on which fertile brown-loam soils developed. In the north-east of Austria there are also loess and dust-loam deposits which caused the most fertile Austrian areas with Black earth (chernozem) in Weinviertel and Marchfeld (Lower Austria).
Azonal soils east of Lake Neusiedl include the biosphere of halophytes.
Last modified: Donnerstag, 6 September 2012, 11:41